How can you qualify of Veteran Benefits?

Every time the Congress passes another veteran’s benefits law, it builds up a particular qualification criteria. With the end goal of the benefits, being a veteran is insufficient. Whether you meet all requirements or particular type of benefits, it always relies on several different factors:

  • The length of service
  • Where and when you served
  • The discharge characterization

Veteran benefits and length of service

Qualification or eligibility for most veteran’s benefits requires a particular length of military service. Look at the below table. As everything should be obvious, to meet all requirements for full Montgomery GI Bill instruction advantages, you need to serve for at least 36 months. With that in mind, you could fit the bill for VA handicap pay or VA therapeutic care with one and only day of active duty. Try not to get excited as for inability or restorative care; you need to meet a huge number of other eligibility criteria’s.

Veterans Benefits Basic Eligibility Criteria
Benefit Minimum Service Requirement Period of Service Discharge Characterization
VA healthcare Any Any Honorable, general, or VA determination
Military health insurance 20 years Any Honorable
VA pension 90 days active duty Before Sept. 7, 1980 Honorable, general, or VA determination
VA pension 2 years active duty On or after Sept. 7, 1980 Honorable, general, or VA determination
VA disability compensation Any Any Honorable, general, or VA determination
Military retirement 20 years Any Honorable
Military life insurance programs Any Any Honorable, general, or VA determination
Burial and memorial benefits Any Enlisted: Service on or before Sept. 7, 1980
Officers: Service on or before Oct. 16, 1981
Honorable, general, or VA determination
Burial and memorial benefits 24 months continuous active duty Enlisted: Service after Sep. 7, 1980
Officers: Service after Oct. 16, 1981
Honorable, general, or VA determination
Active-Duty GI Bill 36 months active duty Any Honorable
Reserve GI Bill After initial training Any N/A
21st Century GI Bill 90 days continuous active duty or 6 months total active duty After Sept. 11, 2001 Honorable
Vocational training for disabled veterans Any Any Honorable, general, or VA determination
Veterans job preference 1 day Any Honorable, general, or VA determination
Veterans small-business loans Any Any Honorable general, or VA determination
VA Home Loan Program 90 days active duty Sept. 16, 1940, to July 25, 1947; or June 27, 1950, to Jan. 31, 1955; or Aug. 5, 1964, to May 7, 1975 Honorable, general, or VA determination
VA Home Loan Program 181 days continuous active duty Enlisted: July 26, 1947, to June 26, 1950; or Feb. 1, 1955, to Aug. 4, 1964; or May 8, 1955, to Sep;. 7, 1980
Officers: May 8, 1975 to Oct. 16, 1981
Honorable, general, or VA determination
VA Home Loan Program 24 months continuous active duty Enlisted: Sept. 7, 1980, to present
Officers: Oct. 16, 1981, to present
Honorable, general, or VA determination
VA Home Loan Program 6 years Guard/Reserve service Any Honorable
Homeless veterans programs Any Any Honorable, general, or VA determination
Military retirement homes 20 years Any Honorable
Military retirement homes (100% disabled) 1 day Any Honorable, general, or VA determination
Military shopping benefits 20 years or 100% disabled Any Honorable
Military travel benefits 20 years or 100% disabled Any Honorable

Note: The table shows basic eligibility criteria only. Source:

Veteran’s benefits and where and when you served

It appears that Congress has not made things straightforward. Just to confuse things, where and when you served in the military can affect your qualification for specific veteran’s benefits. Take another glance at the table. In order to be fit for the bill of VA Home Loan Program, you have to have at least 90 days of active-duty service provided that you were deployed at the Vietnam War. In any case, Gulf War, you must have no less than 24 months of constant active-duty service to qualify. Also, a member from the National Guard or Reserves is required to have at least six years of Guard/Reserve service to qualify.

Veteran’s benefits and service discharges

It’s astounding as to how many people including the military people think that there are just two kinds of military discharges – honorable and dishonorable. But, actually the military discharges come in two different types –

  • Administrative: Administrative releases are approved by the higher authority, who is generally a high-rank officer.


  • Punitive: Punitive releases can be provided just by a military court-martial.

Both types have different segments too, some of which will influence your eligibility for veteran’s benefits. Essentially, if you got a dishonorable discharge, a dismissal from a general court-martial, a bad conduct discharge, you will not be eligible for veteran’s benefits program.

Veteran Health Benefits: An Overview

Every enlisted veteran will receive Vas (Department of Veterans Affairs) complete medical benefits package. This package includes primary and specialty care, preventive, inpatient or outpatient care services along with diagnostic services. The veterans might be subjected to additional benefits comprising of dental care upon unique qualifications.

Compensation Benefits for Veterans

For service related injuries and illness, the VA provides a tax-free and financial compensation benefits which include disability compensation. These benefits might be rewarded to the survivors of veterans in specific circumstances. Applying for these benefits is easy. In March 2015, the VA presented new, streamlined eligibility and applying process. If any veteran is seeking for disability benefits, he or she should look out for advice on managing them in the FINRA publication.

Health Benefits for Veterans

A lot of veterans are qualified for extensive medical advantages, thanks to the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Veterans Health Administration. These Health benefits include –

  • Inpatient and outpatient care at VA restorative offices and Prescriptions.
  • Health programs for dental care, substance misuse, long-term care, suicide counteractive action, and so on.
  • The new Veterans Choice Program permits qualified veterans to see non-VA specialists closer to home.

What psychological health resources does VA provide?

The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) offers a wide range of psychological health resources at its medical centers and community-based outpatient clinics. The services are:

  • Inpatient care and Residential care
  • Outpatient mental health care
  • Homelessness prevention programs
  • Programs for incarcerated veterans
  • Specialized posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) services
  • Military sexual trauma care
  • Psychosocial rehabilitation & recovery services
  • Substance use disorders programs
  • Suicide prevention programs
  • Violence prevention
  • Evidence-based psychotherapy programs
  • Mental health disaster response/post deployment activities

Program Contact Information

Recently, the VA has launched a website – My HealtheVet. This site is dedicated to veterans. The VA supports active duty Service members, Veterans, their dependents and caregivers to register in this site and make an account. Any individual who registers on My HealtheVet begins will have a Basic Account. This will give restricted access to features in My HealtheVet that you self-enter. The veterans can use the journals and different tools to track the health measures.

With a Basic Account a veteran may be able to use My HealtheVet to:

  • Include information to a personal health journal about over-the-counter medications, medical events, military health history, tests, and allergies.
  • Document and track personal information like contact information, health care providers and doctors, emergency contacts, and health insurance information.
  • Document and track personal health measurements (blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol, heart rate, body temperature, weight, pain level, etc.) in Vitals & Readings,
  • Print a wallet ID card with the personal information entered into the personal health record.

For any queries, a veteran is requested to:

  • Call at 1-877-222-VETS (8387)
  • Visit the Inquiry Routing & Information System(IRIS) website to look out and read the FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) section.
  • Call 1-800-829-4833, if you are hearing impaired.

How the US Plans to Improve the Treatment of Recent Veterans Suffering from PTSD & TBI?

Several veterans coming back from war have encountered Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) side effects. Senator Gillibrand has an exclusive plan to reinforce observing and treatment for men and women at work and new veterans. This authoritative plan concentrates on getting the organizations at the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Veterans Administration (VA) to facilitate all the treatment more adequately. They have to work seamlessly to address the problems related to mental health treatment. And they need to work tirelessly to upgraded the screening procedure and make it accessible to mental health providers.

Stanford University study revealed that PTSD and other mental diseases can affect upwards of 35% of all veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. In spite of everything, there remains much more work to do to offer quality treatment to the PTSD and TBI affected service members and veterans.

According to RAND Corporation data, around 8,000 new veterans from NYC suffer from PSTD and more than 7,000 suffer from TBI. Also, over 4,000 suffer from both. The corporation also states that 20% of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans encounter PTSD, 19% suffer from TBI, and 75% is affected by both problems. Senator Gillibrand’s New Efforts to Improve PTSD and TBI Treatment for New Veterans are as follows –

  1. Develop Coordination between Defense Department and VA

As the problems are persistent, the DOD has made huge steps to develop the screening and treatment of TBI within its systems. Be that as it may, these developments have not been implemented into a systematic methodology for veterans leaving active duty and entering VA care. For instance, the VA and DOD have no mutually interoperable meaning of what even constitutes TBI cases. This makes it hard to guarantee veterans are quickly getting successful treatment when they are shifted to the VA. Building up right ID of TBI is a basic to deliver the right treatment. A letter conveyed to Defense Secretary Robert Gates and VA Secretary Eric Shinseki, Senator Gillibrand has insisted on improving an integrated way to deal with recognizing and treating TBI. Also, he is worried over the dependence on a psychotropic solution to treat TBI, which has almost tripled. This has led the increase of around 100,000 prescriptions to more than 300,000, with no reasonable proof as to its viability.

  1. Implant Mental Health Providers with National Guard and Reserve Units

Guard and Reserve units have ended up being especially helpless to PTSD as an aftereffect of numerous deployments and the challenge to readapt to regular citizen life. The first four years in Iraq and Afghanistan over half of service members Guard and Reserve veterans have committed suicide. To offer a steady access to mental health treatment to the troops, Senator Gillibrand is making an enactment to implant a mental health professional to each Guard and Reserve unit to create the trust of troops and their families to recognize the onset of mental wounds. In light of a pilot program with the California National Guard, this step has been demonstrated to develop access to mental health treatment. Ultimately, it will lessen the stigma related with looking for help, just about multiplying the rate of Guard troops separately looking for mental help without a referral from a military facility or authority.

  1. Establish Long-Term Screening and Care

In the past few years, the DOD major progress in improving screening assessments to recognize PTSD upon the return of service members from the wars. Nevertheless, Senator Gillibrand has been notified by several veterans who have found that in view of the moderate onset of PTSD indications, a one-time screening upon come back from war is not generally sufficient to identify the problem. Therefore, he is keeping in touch with Charles L. Rice, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs and pushing to create suggestions on the most effective methods to identify the onsets of these illnesses like – by providing an extra screening 6 or 12 months after coming back from a battle.

Lack of Care or Improper Treatment: A Special Report on US military veterans

Since the Vietnam War, the Iraq and Afghanistan wars are the longest wars that the US military committed to, especially, more than 2.2 million troops were sent to the fight. This has resulted in more than 6,600 deaths and 48,000 injuries. A lot of service members have returned home unharmed and talked about rewarding experiences. However, the others have come back with different complex health conditions and find that life at home is not easy to adjust; meeting with the family, looking for some kind of employment, or coming back to school is a continuous battle. The demands to mitigate these health, monetary, and social issues are elevated by the amount of people affected. The quick withdrawal of military work force from Iraq and Afghanistan, and the long haul impacts for veterans, service members, their families, and the country.

A few years back, the IOM had requested to conduct a study on veterans‘ physical and emotional well-being. And in addition, other readjustment needs. Now, this report exhibits the IOM’s exhaustive evaluation of the physical, mental, social, and monetary impacts of the delegation on service members, their families, veterans, and their communities.

Key Conclusion of the Report

The DOD (Department of Defense) and the VA (Veterans Affairs) are trying to accomplish more to survey the feasibility and sufficiency of treatment, particularly if it is offered nationally. The tools that are used to evaluate cognitive function after a brain injury has “no reasonable scientific base” and the “Acknowledgment and Commitment” treatment utilized by the VA for depression “needs adequate experimental proof to back its utilization as a first line medication”, it said.

  • Independent research reveals that carrying lethal weapons stop suicides but the report figured out that regardless of the fact that a service member is at danger for suicide. However, the DOD denies limiting any possession of privately owned weapons. Half of the 300 military suicides that occurred in 2010 were deployed in the Iraq and Afghanistan clashes. According to a VA report, around 22 veterans commit suicide every day.


  • The report suggests that the DOD and VA should “extend its meaning of family” to incorporate unmarried partners, single parents, same-sex couples, and stepfamilies.


  • The report also said that the DOD and VA should work in tandem to integrate their respective databases to allow sharing information to keep track of issues of affected personnel exclusively. A big amount of relevant information can use to answer key questions about re-adjustment. These are collected by different federal departments and agencies to analyze and answer the questions of different problems at hand.


  • The DOD priority should be to reduce domestic violence and combat the troubling rise in domestic violence of service members.


  • This report was around 500-page and it found out that about 44% troops coming back from Iraq and Afghanistan reported problems. One out of five encounters PTSD, while a comparative number have a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). Some others have overlapping health issues, most usually PTSD, depression, substance use disorder, and side effects identified with mild TBI. It also noticed that the unemployment of veterans from 18 to 24 was more than 30%, which is contrasted with 16% for regular citizens.

So, this report clearly shows that there has been a lack of care or improper treatment of veterans. They should be handled with care and subtle treatment to overcome these problems. Otherwise, it would be a shame for the entire nation!

How has the Afghanistan War been ended?

After the 9/11 attack, the US and Afghanistan have joined forces together to react to the dangers to global peace and security. Also, they are working to offer the Afghan some assistance in securing a democratic prosperous future. After taking charge, President Obama along with NATO associates have sought after a focused strategy to fortify the Afghanistan’s security strengths and government to assume full responsibility for their nation’s future while they have taken critical actions against al-Qaida’s administration and kept Afghanistan from being utilized to dispatch assaults against the US.

Bringing Back the Soldiers to the US

In December 2009, the president declared the troop surge at West Point. The conditions that permitted them to push back the Taliban and develop Afghan forces. He also announced in 2009 that they had finished the surge and would start bringing back the soldiers from Afghanistan from a peak of 100,000 troops. He coordinated that troop decreases continue at a consistent interval. And it should be done in an arranged, facilitated, and responsible way. Subsequently, 10,000 troops got back home before that year’s over, and 33,000 got back home by the mid-year of 2012. In February 2013, The President reported in the State of the Union address that they would bring another 34,000 American troops from Afghanistan within a year – which they have done properly.

After that, the President has announced a plan in which another 22,000 troops will return home before the year has over, ultimately, ending the U.S. battle mission in December 2014. From the start of 2015, a partnership agreement between the US and Afghanistan will be started. Also, the Afghans will sign a Bilateral Security Agreement and a status of forces agreement with NATO. It will allow putting 9,800 U.S. service members in different parts of the country. Besides, before the end of 2015, the US will reduce their presence to half, which will result in a consolidation of troops in Kabul and on Bagram Airfield. In 2016, the US will open an embassy in Kabul with security assistance component similar to Iraq.

Afghanistan is Responsible for its Security

Afghanistan and International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) countries agreed upon a proposal to shift full responsibility for Afghanistan’s security to the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) by the end of 2014. This proposal took place at the 2010 NATO Summit in Lisbon. This agreement has permitted the international community to draw down their powers in Afghanistan. In the same time, it has kept the hard-won gains and set the stage to achieve the fundamental objectives such as supporting Afghan Security Forces, disrupting threats posed by al-Qaida, and providing the chance to Afghan people to succeed as they stand on their own.

During the 2012 NATO Summit in Chicago, the ISAF countries and Afghanistan had reaffirmed this system for a move and they also gave consent to the point of reference in mid-2013 would start to transit from combat to support. The Afghans came to that turning point as the ANSF expected the lead for security over the entire of Afghanistan and the coalition powers moved their concentration to the training, advising and helping of Afghan forces.

Political Evolution

Since Afghanistan had taken the control of their security, they made strives to initiate a shift of power in the country. The presidential election was held and millions of Afghans voted in the election. The US has confirmed its backing for a reasonable, trustworthy, and Afghan-drove election preparation and does not support any hopeful candidate who is keen for own interest.

Economic Evolution

Afghanistan has encountered a rapid financial development and wonderful enhancements in key social pointers –

  • Afghanistan’s total national output has grown a mean of 9.4% for every year from 2003 to 2012.


  • In the most recent decade, life expectancy at birth has improved by 20 years to more than 62 years.


  • In 2002, an expected 900,000 young boys enrolled into school and no girls. Presently, there are 8 million students selected in school, more than 33% of whom are young girls.


  • In 2002, just 6% of Afghans had reliable electricity. Today, 28% of the total population has electricity, including more than 2 million people in Kabul who have access to electricity 24-hour a day.

Be that as it may, difficulties remain, and Afghanistan will need international support to maintain its stability and to achieve objectives.

Afghanistan War: A Brief Profile

In 2001, the Afghanistan war had started after 9/11. The US and NATO coalition joined forces to attack Taliban and Al Qaeda groups. Starting 2014, United States workforces are pulling themselves back from the nation, finishing a decade long battle. The US has been at war for almost the first decade of the 21st-century. A big number of US military personnel have been sent to another country to the Middle East to take part in what the administration of President George W. Bush indicated to as the ‘War on Terror.’ In numerous ways, the main battle of the War on Terror has occurred in the isolated and hilly country of Afghanistan. So, let’s take a brief tour to the longest war in the history of US.

Causes of the War

Afghanistan has been an unsteady country, especially over the last century. In the early 1900s, the country had established itself as a sovereign country that no longer need outside help. In the early 1970s, power shifts hand at a random pace, especially, from one group to another. A civil war within Afghanistan’s border had begun in 1978 and the parties involved were pro- and anti-communist forces. The Soviet Union sent in a military group to show support to the communists. As a result, a severe conflict started. Throughout this battle, the US gave cash and military help to those battling the Soviets. Some of these were known as the Mujahideen, made out of Islamists who were staunchly contradicted to the Soviet intrusion. Throughout this conflict, more than one million Afghans had passed on this contention, yet the Soviets were repelled.

Following the war against the Soviets, different warlords and extremist groups viewed Afghanistan as a weak link and they strive to take control over the country in the coming years. By the mid-1990s, the Taliban took control of the nation and they ruled by Islamic Sharia law. They also initiated to a great degree unforgiving restrictions on the citizens of this nation. Furthermore, the Taliban group had made a situation in Afghanistan that feed terrorists. Osama Bin Laden, a veteran of the battle against the Soviets, turned into a main figure in the Al Qaeda terrorist association, one of the biggest and most advanced Islamic terrorist groups on the planet. They operated within Afghanistan and they had planned to strike against the USA.

In the year 2011, the Al Qaeda terrorists group started attacks against the USA and they flew with two planes filled with innocent people and crashed into buildings in New York City and one into the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. The brave passengers in Southern Pennsylvania had brought down the fourth plane. About 3,000 Americans were killed during these terrorists’ attacks.

How many have died in this war?

  • S. soldiers: 2,014 (as of 7/10/12, according to the Department of Defense)
  • Taliban: More than 30,000
  • Al-Qaeda: more than 2,500
  • Afghan government forces: 6,100
  • Afghan civilians: more than 34,000
  • British soldiers: 341
  • Canadian soldiers: 152
  • Soldiers from allied countries (mostly from Germany, Spain, France, and Denmark): 163

Why was it so hard to achieve positive goals against the Afghanistan?

  • The Afghan society is made of different tribes and ethnic groups. They have a history of conflict and rivalry. As a result, it is a difficult task to bring them into one government supervision.
  • The mountain terrains of this county provide several hiding places to insurgents and make traditional war an impossible task.
  • Despite the fact that the USA had no plans of making a colony in the country, the conventional Afghan brutality worked against them.

A False Attack: Why and How the USA went to War against Iraq?

The Iraq war has a root back to the first Gulf War. Back then, Iraq had attacked next-door country Kuwait in 1990. But, a US-led coalition stopped Saddam Hussein’s armed force out of the nation in 1991. After that, the U.N. resolution, which finished the war, denied Iraq from having or delivering natural, chemical or atomic weapons. Also, Saddam declined to give U.N. weapons investigators free access as well. Following 12 years, the world leaders agonized over the likelihood that Saddam was creating, or had produced these weapons of mass destructions (WMDs).

After 9/11, President George W. Bush along with the members from his close circle has focused intensely on Saddam. Saddam himself, on the other hand, denied that he had WMDs and conveyed a feeling that he never possessed WMDs. (shortly before his execution, he told an F.B.I. questioner that he had done this to keep Iran from considering him to be weak and defenseless.

President Bush demanded that Saddam represented a danger to the security of the U.S. and the Middle East. In a broadcast message in 2003, the president gave Saddam a final proposal – leave Iraq or the U.S. military will assault Iraq and evacuate you. He also said that the US had has solid evidence that Saddam had WMDs, and that Iraq had supported, prepared and harbored al-Qaeda terrorists. To anticipate a future terrorist assault through chemical, biological or atomic weapons, the president said, they have every right to defend the attack by eliminating the terrorist threat.

The American armed forces invaded Iraq in 2003 (March 20th) and after one and half month, President Bush declared victory on May 1. In the wake of beating Saddam’s government, U.S. investigators discovered no sign of WMDs. They reasoned that Iraq had stopped adding to these weapons in 1991. No confirmation for an Iraq/al-Qaeda association ever surfaced, either; Saddam himself, in the F.B.I. meetings specified above, criticized Osama bin-Laden and disagree having any dealings with al-Qaeda.

Furthermore, the Bush administration had offered several justifications for the intrusion including Saddam’s history of human rights violation. Also, they provided details of his backing for terrorist groups (he offered rewards to the families of Palestinian suicide bombers).Critics have believed that Bush and his allies wanted to eliminate Saddam from power and depended on flawed evidence to legalized the invasion.

Arguments against the invasion

The US attack on Iraq was a controversial and questionable decision in recent American history. The critics have made the following arguments over the war:

  • To attack Iraq without the U.N’s. approval as we think Saddam may have WMDs, disregards international law.


  • Overthrowing Saddam may bring chaos in Iraq, which could destabilize an officially dangerous part in middle-east.


  • Invading Iraq without the backing of the international community will detach the U.S. also; make enemies for us, particularly in Islamic nations.
  • If we need to keep America safe from the individuals who might hurt us, then we should put our assets into eliminating Al-Qaeda. Iraq represents no prompt danger to us.

How many US Soldiers have died?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Defense setback site (May 29, 2012) 4,425 US soldiers have died (including both murdered in action and non-hostile) and 32,223 injured in activities (WIA) as a consequence of Operation Iraq Freedom.

American Military Casualties in Iraq
Date Total In Combat
American Deaths
Since war began (3/19/03): 4493 3528
Since “Mission Accomplished” (5/1/03) 4347 3424
Since Handover (6/29/04): 3627 2899
Since Obama Inauguration (1/20/09): 256 128
Since Operation New Dawn: 66 39
American Wounded Official Estimated
Total Wounded: 32021 Over 100000

Results of the invasion, in brief

By removing the atrocious regime of Saddam Hussein, the U.S. led coalition won the appreciation of numerous Iraqis. Not long after he was gone, nonetheless, Saddam supporters and religious radicals started to strike against American fighters. Chaos and fighting additionally broke out between Sunnis and Shiites, taking a huge number of lives. Regardless of proceeding with strains between distinctive groups, and progressing violence, Iraq now is by all accounts headed straight toward building up a functioning democratic government. But we don’t know what will happen once US forces leave the country!

How do the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan affect the Surviving Soldiers?

Since Vietnam war, the Afghanistan and Iraq wars are the longest ever battle operations. A lot of stressors confront these Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) troops. OEF/OIF service members are at danger for death or severe injury. They may see others hurt or executed. In fact, they might have needed to slaughter or wound others. As a result, they are subjected to dangers. These and different components have the potentials to expand the possibilities of having PTSD or other psychological problems.

Several members of service have been far away from home for long stretches of time and these issues can bring problems at home or work. Also, these issues can add to the anxiety as well. Besides, these problems are severe for National Guard and Reserve troops who had not anticipated that they would be away for so long. Half of the individuals who have served in the present wars have been Guard and Reservists.

There is another persisting stress problem that occurred in Iraq and Afghanistan is military sexual trauma (MST). This is rape or recurring, devastating inappropriate sexual behavior that happens in the military. It can happen to men and ladies. MST can also happen during peacetime, training period, or war.

One early study looked at the mental health of service members in Afghanistan and Iraq. The study asked Soldiers and Marines about war-zone experiences and about their symptoms of distress. Soldiers and Marines in Iraq reported more combat stressors than Soldiers in Afghanistan. This table describes the kinds of stressors faced in each combat theatre in 2003.

A research has been conducted on the emotional well-being of service members in Afghanistan and Iraq. It revealed some information about war-zone experiences and the side effects of distress. More soldiers, officers and marines in Iraq war reported about stress than in Afghanistan war. The below table portrays the kinds of stressors confronted in every battle in 2003 –

Combat Stressors Seeing dead bodies Being shot at Being attacked/ ambushed Receiving rocket or mortar fire Know someone killed/ seriously injured
Iraq Army 95% 93% 89% 86% 86%
Iraq Marines 94% 97% 95% 92% 87%
Afghanistan Army 39% 66% 58% 84% 43%


The soldiers and marines served in Iraq war suffered from more combat stressors and mental health problems than those who served in Afghanistan. The rate of having PSTD is higher for the soldiers in Iraq than Afghanistan. A later research confirmed these findings with evidence.

What causes the risk of PTSD in OEF/OIF service members?

Some research studies have revealed that specific factors make it more likely that OEF/OIF service members will develop PTSD. These factors include:

  • Long deployment time
  • Severe combat exposure, such as Deployment to “forward” areas close to the enemy and watching others wounded or killed
  • Severe physical injury and Traumatic brain injury
  • Lower rank and Lower level of schooling
  • Low morale and poor social support within the unit
  • Not being married and having Family problems
  • Member of the National Guard or Reserves
  • Prior trauma exposure
  • Hispanic ethnic group

What are the probable outcomes?

A research on OEF/OIF Veterans recommends that 10% to 18% of OEF/OIF troops are vulnerable to have PTSD after the war. Also, the PTSD, OEF/OIF service members are at a greater level of danger for other mental problems. In spite of the fact that studies differ generally as far as systems utilized, approximations of depression in returning troops vary from 3% to 25%. An excessive level of drinking and use of tobacco among OEF/OIF Veterans might be hazardous. They additionally report worries over differences with others.

Apart from this research, several other research studies have revealed how the reaction to war stressors changes after some time. The PTSD signs will probably appear in returning OEF/OIF service members after a while. Utilizing a brief PTSD screen, they were evaluated at their arrival and an again six months later. They will probably have a positive screen and they have demonstrated more PTSD side effects – at a later time. Now, a lot of service members who were screened positive with PSTD in the initial showed that the side effects will be reduced after six months. As a whole, it must be noted that almost all the returning members evaluated negatively for PSTD at both times.

Summary: The War against Iraq

From 1979 to 2003, Saddam Hussein ruled an atrocious dictatorship of Iraq. In 1990, he attacked and possessed the country of Kuwait for six months until being removed by a global coalition. For a while, he had demonstrated differing degrees of scorn for the international terms consented to toward the end of the war, to be specific a “no-fly zone” over a significant part of the nation, especially, the international examinations of probable artillery destinations. In 2003, an American-drove coalition attacked Iraq and ousted the Saddam Hussein’s long-standing government.

  1. Creating the Coalition

US President Bush had provided various reasons for attacking Iraq. These rationales included infringement of U.N. Security Council resolutions, the assembling of weapons of mass annihilation (WMD), and monstrosities conferred by Hussein against his kin. All of these violations represented a strong risk to the U.S. what’s more, the world. The U.S. guaranteed to have proof that demonstrated the presence of the WMD. They asked the U.N. Security Council to approve an invasion but the council did not. Rather, the U.S. along with the United Kingdom enrolled 29 different nations in a “coalition of the willing” to support and complete the invasion started in March 2003.

  1. Post-Invasion Troubles

Despite the fact that the first part of the war went as anticipated (the Iraqi government collapsed in a few days), the occupation and the restructuring demonstrated a very troublesome and difficult task. The UN held elections that led to the birth of new constitution and government. Be that as it may, brutal efforts by rebels had driven the nation to civil war. It had destabilized the new government and made Iraq a hotbed for terrorist enrollment. And significantly, these violence efforts raised the expense of the war. No stockpiles of WMD were found in Iraq, which harmed the trustworthiness of the U.S. As a result, the reputations of the American leaders were damaged and undermined the method of reasoning for the war.

  1. Divisions inside Iraq

Within Iraq, the different groups and loyalties were difficult to understand. Religious flaw lines between Sunni and Shiite Muslims were investigated. In spite of the fact that religion is an influential force in the Iraq friction, secular influences, including Saddam Hussein’s Ba’ath Party, was considered to better comprehend Iraq.

  1. Expense of the Iraq War

In Iraq War, over 4,000 American troops have been executed and more than 30,000 injured. Almost 300 troops from other associated forces have been slaughtered. According to sources, over 50,000 Iraqi agitators have been murdered in the war and Iraqi regular citizens dead range is from 50,000 to 600,000. The United States has spent over $700 billion on the war and may eventually spend a trillion or more dollars.


  1. Foreign Policy Implications

Since 2002, the Iraq war and its aftermath have been at the focal point of U.S. foreign policy. The war and encompassing issues (like Iran) possess the consideration of about each leader at the White House, State Department, and Pentagon. Furthermore, the war has created an anti-American sentiment around the globe. Ultimately, it has made global policy making procedure more troublesome

  1. Future movements for the Iraq War

President Bush and his group appeared to be resolved to proceed with the control of Iraq. They had wanted to convey enough solidness to the country that Iraqi security powers can keep up control and permit the new government to pick up strength and legitimacy. However, other people believe this is an unthinkable task. What’s more, the perceived future is conceivable however can’t develop until after American soldiers are taken off from Iraq. Dealing with the American departure is discussed in a report from the bipartisan “Iraq Study Group” and in the plans of a few presidential campaigns.

Radio advertising for immediate sales response

People might get a view that radios have become outdated in today’s world with the advancement of technology. But, the scenario is quite different. Radios were in use in the olden days and it is in use till now. Radios cannot be taken out of the competition. One section of people use radio even till today. The main use of radio is that it can be carried all around. People can take it in bicycle and also while traveling. As such, when advertising companies launch a product and spread the news, then the people using radio would come to know of it at first. Companies can get the immediate response through radios.

Radios are very economical and anyone can purchase it. Radios are still in use in the rural areas.  People in the rural areas are not much educated, but radio helps to know about outdoor advertising in Toronto and of products. Companies have to capture the attention of both rural and urban areas. In pre-television days, radio was the only means to remain connected with the rest of the world. Dramas, music, etc. were heard in radios and people were excited about radios. Radio advertising is still effective means even today. Radio can reach a large section of people and everyone can give their opinions on it. The money charged for advertising in radios is on the basis of time. People mostly listen to the radio during mornings and at times when they return from office. The companies can increase the repetition of their advertisements during these hours and would come to know of their products immediately.

Mainly for radio advertisements, there are package rates for showing the advertisements. The business houses should choose their respective package and give the advertisements on the radios. People can not only hear sounds in radios, but it feels like the entire scenario is being played right near their eyes. Advertisements have the power to make consumers want the products. The advertisements are done in such a way that people get attracted to it. In radio advertising, there is circulation of the advertisements. People discuss with each other about the products and as such they plan to buy them. In advertisements, the discussion is very important as by discussing, people can get a chance to share their views with each other.

The frequency of radio advertisements is very high. There are some which broadcasts the advertisements daily. The ones investing should know in what to invest. If they make a wrong investment, chances might be that they may lose their money. Advertising should be done only on those broadcasts which are featured every day. Though old method, but radio advertising is still in use. People won’t stop using something that they have been using for a long time till now.

Messages in radios will get passed on in every period of time and in this way they can reach a larger target. The timings of advertisements in radios is not much and companies should design their advertisements in such a way that it gets over during the stipulated time. Big business houses can deal with radio broadcast to showcase their advertisements.