How has the Afghanistan War been ended?

After the 9/11 attack, the US and Afghanistan have joined forces together to react to the dangers to global peace and security. Also, they are working to offer the Afghan some assistance in securing a democratic prosperous future. After taking charge, President Obama along with NATO associates have sought after a focused strategy to fortify the Afghanistan’s security strengths and government to assume full responsibility for their nation’s future while they have taken critical actions against al-Qaida’s administration and kept Afghanistan from being utilized to dispatch assaults against the US.

Bringing Back the Soldiers to the US

In December 2009, the president declared the troop surge at West Point. The conditions that permitted them to push back the Taliban and develop Afghan forces. He also announced in 2009 that they had finished the surge and would start bringing back the soldiers from Afghanistan from a peak of 100,000 troops. He coordinated that troop decreases continue at a consistent interval. And it should be done in an arranged, facilitated, and responsible way. Subsequently, 10,000 troops got back home before that year’s over, and 33,000 got back home by the mid-year of 2012. In February 2013, The President reported in the State of the Union address that they would bring another 34,000 American troops from Afghanistan within a year – which they have done properly.

After that, the President has announced a plan in which another 22,000 troops will return home before the year has over, ultimately, ending the U.S. battle mission in December 2014. From the start of 2015, a partnership agreement between the US and Afghanistan will be started. Also, the Afghans will sign a Bilateral Security Agreement and a status of forces agreement with NATO. It will allow putting 9,800 U.S. service members in different parts of the country. Besides, before the end of 2015, the US will reduce their presence to half, which will result in a consolidation of troops in Kabul and on Bagram Airfield. In 2016, the US will open an embassy in Kabul with security assistance component similar to Iraq.

Afghanistan is Responsible for its Security

Afghanistan and International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) countries agreed upon a proposal to shift full responsibility for Afghanistan’s security to the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) by the end of 2014. This proposal took place at the 2010 NATO Summit in Lisbon. This agreement has permitted the international community to draw down their powers in Afghanistan. In the same time, it has kept the hard-won gains and set the stage to achieve the fundamental objectives such as supporting Afghan Security Forces, disrupting threats posed by al-Qaida, and providing the chance to Afghan people to succeed as they stand on their own.

During the 2012 NATO Summit in Chicago, the ISAF countries and Afghanistan had reaffirmed this system for a move and they also gave consent to the point of reference in mid-2013 would start to transit from combat to support. The Afghans came to that turning point as the ANSF expected the lead for security over the entire of Afghanistan and the coalition powers moved their concentration to the training, advising and helping of Afghan forces.

Political Evolution

Since Afghanistan had taken the control of their security, they made strives to initiate a shift of power in the country. The presidential election was held and millions of Afghans voted in the election. The US has confirmed its backing for a reasonable, trustworthy, and Afghan-drove election preparation and does not support any hopeful candidate who is keen for own interest.

Economic Evolution

Afghanistan has encountered a rapid financial development and wonderful enhancements in key social pointers –

  • Afghanistan’s total national output has grown a mean of 9.4% for every year from 2003 to 2012.

 

  • In the most recent decade, life expectancy at birth has improved by 20 years to more than 62 years.

 

  • In 2002, an expected 900,000 young boys enrolled into school and no girls. Presently, there are 8 million students selected in school, more than 33% of whom are young girls.

 

  • In 2002, just 6% of Afghans had reliable electricity. Today, 28% of the total population has electricity, including more than 2 million people in Kabul who have access to electricity 24-hour a day.

Be that as it may, difficulties remain, and Afghanistan will need international support to maintain its stability and to achieve objectives.

Afghanistan War: A Brief Profile

In 2001, the Afghanistan war had started after 9/11. The US and NATO coalition joined forces to attack Taliban and Al Qaeda groups. Starting 2014, United States workforces are pulling themselves back from the nation, finishing a decade long battle. The US has been at war for almost the first decade of the 21st-century. A big number of US military personnel have been sent to another country to the Middle East to take part in what the administration of President George W. Bush indicated to as the ‘War on Terror.’ In numerous ways, the main battle of the War on Terror has occurred in the isolated and hilly country of Afghanistan. So, let’s take a brief tour to the longest war in the history of US.

Causes of the War

Afghanistan has been an unsteady country, especially over the last century. In the early 1900s, the country had established itself as a sovereign country that no longer need outside help. In the early 1970s, power shifts hand at a random pace, especially, from one group to another. A civil war within Afghanistan’s border had begun in 1978 and the parties involved were pro- and anti-communist forces. The Soviet Union sent in a military group to show support to the communists. As a result, a severe conflict started. Throughout this battle, the US gave cash and military help to those battling the Soviets. Some of these were known as the Mujahideen, made out of Islamists who were staunchly contradicted to the Soviet intrusion. Throughout this conflict, more than one million Afghans had passed on this contention, yet the Soviets were repelled.

Following the war against the Soviets, different warlords and extremist groups viewed Afghanistan as a weak link and they strive to take control over the country in the coming years. By the mid-1990s, the Taliban took control of the nation and they ruled by Islamic Sharia law. They also initiated to a great degree unforgiving restrictions on the citizens of this nation. Furthermore, the Taliban group had made a situation in Afghanistan that feed terrorists. Osama Bin Laden, a veteran of the battle against the Soviets, turned into a main figure in the Al Qaeda terrorist association, one of the biggest and most advanced Islamic terrorist groups on the planet. They operated within Afghanistan and they had planned to strike against the USA.

In the year 2011, the Al Qaeda terrorists group started attacks against the USA and they flew with two planes filled with innocent people and crashed into buildings in New York City and one into the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. The brave passengers in Southern Pennsylvania had brought down the fourth plane. About 3,000 Americans were killed during these terrorists’ attacks.

How many have died in this war?

  • S. soldiers: 2,014 (as of 7/10/12, according to the Department of Defense)
  • Taliban: More than 30,000
  • Al-Qaeda: more than 2,500
  • Afghan government forces: 6,100
  • Afghan civilians: more than 34,000
  • British soldiers: 341
  • Canadian soldiers: 152
  • Soldiers from allied countries (mostly from Germany, Spain, France, and Denmark): 163

Why was it so hard to achieve positive goals against the Afghanistan?

  • The Afghan society is made of different tribes and ethnic groups. They have a history of conflict and rivalry. As a result, it is a difficult task to bring them into one government supervision.
  • The mountain terrains of this county provide several hiding places to insurgents and make traditional war an impossible task.
  • Despite the fact that the USA had no plans of making a colony in the country, the conventional Afghan brutality worked against them.

A False Attack: Why and How the USA went to War against Iraq?

The Iraq war has a root back to the first Gulf War. Back then, Iraq had attacked next-door country Kuwait in 1990. But, a US-led coalition stopped Saddam Hussein’s armed force out of the nation in 1991. After that, the U.N. resolution, which finished the war, denied Iraq from having or delivering natural, chemical or atomic weapons. Also, Saddam declined to give U.N. weapons investigators free access as well. Following 12 years, the world leaders agonized over the likelihood that Saddam was creating, or had produced these weapons of mass destructions (WMDs).

After 9/11, President George W. Bush along with the members from his close circle has focused intensely on Saddam. Saddam himself, on the other hand, denied that he had WMDs and conveyed a feeling that he never possessed WMDs. (shortly before his execution, he told an F.B.I. questioner that he had done this to keep Iran from considering him to be weak and defenseless.

President Bush demanded that Saddam represented a danger to the security of the U.S. and the Middle East. In a broadcast message in 2003, the president gave Saddam a final proposal – leave Iraq or the U.S. military will assault Iraq and evacuate you. He also said that the US had has solid evidence that Saddam had WMDs, and that Iraq had supported, prepared and harbored al-Qaeda terrorists. To anticipate a future terrorist assault through chemical, biological or atomic weapons, the president said, they have every right to defend the attack by eliminating the terrorist threat.

The American armed forces invaded Iraq in 2003 (March 20th) and after one and half month, President Bush declared victory on May 1. In the wake of beating Saddam’s government, U.S. investigators discovered no sign of WMDs. They reasoned that Iraq had stopped adding to these weapons in 1991. No confirmation for an Iraq/al-Qaeda association ever surfaced, either; Saddam himself, in the F.B.I. meetings specified above, criticized Osama bin-Laden and disagree having any dealings with al-Qaeda.

Furthermore, the Bush administration had offered several justifications for the intrusion including Saddam’s history of human rights violation. Also, they provided details of his backing for terrorist groups (he offered rewards to the families of Palestinian suicide bombers).Critics have believed that Bush and his allies wanted to eliminate Saddam from power and depended on flawed evidence to legalized the invasion.

Arguments against the invasion

The US attack on Iraq was a controversial and questionable decision in recent American history. The critics have made the following arguments over the war:

  • To attack Iraq without the U.N’s. approval as we think Saddam may have WMDs, disregards international law.

 

  • Overthrowing Saddam may bring chaos in Iraq, which could destabilize an officially dangerous part in middle-east.

 

  • Invading Iraq without the backing of the international community will detach the U.S. also; make enemies for us, particularly in Islamic nations.
  • If we need to keep America safe from the individuals who might hurt us, then we should put our assets into eliminating Al-Qaeda. Iraq represents no prompt danger to us.

How many US Soldiers have died?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Defense setback site (May 29, 2012) 4,425 US soldiers have died (including both murdered in action and non-hostile) and 32,223 injured in activities (WIA) as a consequence of Operation Iraq Freedom.

American Military Casualties in Iraq
Date Total In Combat
American Deaths
Since war began (3/19/03): 4493 3528
Since “Mission Accomplished” (5/1/03) 4347 3424
Since Handover (6/29/04): 3627 2899
Since Obama Inauguration (1/20/09): 256 128
Since Operation New Dawn: 66 39
American Wounded Official Estimated
Total Wounded: 32021 Over 100000

Results of the invasion, in brief

By removing the atrocious regime of Saddam Hussein, the U.S. led coalition won the appreciation of numerous Iraqis. Not long after he was gone, nonetheless, Saddam supporters and religious radicals started to strike against American fighters. Chaos and fighting additionally broke out between Sunnis and Shiites, taking a huge number of lives. Regardless of proceeding with strains between distinctive groups, and progressing violence, Iraq now is by all accounts headed straight toward building up a functioning democratic government. But we don’t know what will happen once US forces leave the country!

Iraq War: Everything You Need to Know about!

The Iraq war started on March 19, 2003. Currently, it is the longest military clash of United States other than the Vietnam War. The Iraq war has taken somewhere in the range of 90,000 Iraqi lives. Besides, around 4,298 coalition troops has been died, among them, there are about 4,000 Americans. Also, the American citizens or taxpayers have paid nearly $700 billion and this war may cost up to $2 trillion if the war continues for another five years.

Significant Events of the war

  • On March 2003, about 300,000 American and British troops had attacked Iraq. Almost all the members from the U.N. have opposed the war. On May 1, the then President of US Bush declared victory over Iraq. But, there was violence against American soldiers and Iraqis who supported the war. Because of vulnerable security, robbers figure out how to take invaluable archeological relics from the National Museum in Baghdad. And a huge amount of explosives was stolen from an Iraqi weapons facility. The Iraqi Army had broken down and members from Saddam’s ruling Baath party were restricted from taking part in the government activities. In December, Saddam was found in a little subversive hideout.

 

  • In 2004, an interim constitution was approved. There were photos revealed abusing Iraqi detainees by American fighters in the Abu Ghraib jail. A furious adversary of American inclusion in Iraq, Shiite minister Moktada al-Sadr, drove an uprising against U.S. troops. As a result, the terrorist attacks occurred in every day.

 

  • In 2005, the first election in Iraq took place in over 50 years. The people of Iraq picked a National Assembly. In that election, all most all Sunnis decline to vote, and Shiites win a greater part of the vote. The “Bringing down Street Memo” surfaces – providing details regarding a 2002 meeting, the head of British Intelligence expresses that President Bush needed to uproot Saddam, and that the Bush administration influenced the evidence to start an invasion. Saddam Hussein goes on trial for wrongdoings against humankind.

 

  • In 2006, Nouri al-Maliki was elected as Prime Minister of Iraq. Abu Musab al Zarqawi, a pioneer of “Al Qaeda in Iraq,” was executed by American troops. Saddam Hussein is executed as well.

 

  • In 2007, on the insistence of General David Petraeus, who was the commander of U.S. forces in Iraq, US President Bush had provided an additional 30,000 troops to Iraq. “The surge” means to smother the aggression and help the rival groups to achieve a political settlement. The ongoing brutality of “al-Qaeda in Iraq” triggered a backfire, which is known as the Sunni Awakening. Almost 80,000 previous Sunni agitators betray Al-Qaeda and backed the new government.

 

  • 2008 The Iraqi government calls for the removal of U.S. troops by 2011.

 

  • In February 2009, newly elected U.S. President Barack Obama declared that American battle troops will leave Iraq by August 2010. However, around 50,000 soldiers will stay for advising and training the Iraqi security forces and thus, they will help with intelligence-gathering.

 

  • In August 2010, US President Obama declared that the American battle mission in Iraq has been finished.

Numbers involved with Iraq War

  • American soldiers murdered in Iraq: 4,487
  • American soldiers injured in Iraq: 32,226
  • Dollars spent (or affirmed to be spent) on the war, through 9/10: about $900 billion
  • Iraqi police and soldiers murdered: 9,381
  • Iraqi civilians murdered: assessments range from 50,000 to 600,000
  • Iraqi guerrillas slaughtered: around 55,000
  • Iraqi refugees who have left their home: more than 2.1 million (about 7% of the aggregate population)
  • Iraqi refugees inside Iraq: more than 2.2 million starting 2007

How has the Iraq War changed the course of the lives of Iraq People?

As indicated by the International Committee of the Red Cross (in 2007), “Civilians endured the worst part of the persistent brutality and the poor security conditions disrupt the lives and jobs of millions. Consistently, many individuals were murdered and numerous were injured. Shootings, bombings, snatchings, murders, military operations and different types of savagery are compelling a large number of individuals to escape their homes and look for security somewhere else in Iraq or in neighboring nations.” As of 2007, 25% of Iraqi children experienced endless chronic malnutrition. 40% of professionals had escaped from the nation and a lot of homes had electricity for just a couple of hours a day (starting 2007). And just 1/3 of homes had sewer system facilities.