Lack of Care or Improper Treatment: A Special Report on US military veterans

Since the Vietnam War, the Iraq and Afghanistan wars are the longest wars that the US military committed to, especially, more than 2.2 million troops were sent to the fight. This has resulted in more than 6,600 deaths and 48,000 injuries. A lot of service members have returned home unharmed and talked about rewarding experiences. However, the others have come back with different complex health conditions and find that life at home is not easy to adjust; meeting with the family, looking for some kind of employment, or coming back to school is a continuous battle. The demands to mitigate these health, monetary, and social issues are elevated by the amount of people affected. The quick withdrawal of military work force from Iraq and Afghanistan, and the long haul impacts for veterans, service members, their families, and the country.

A few years back, the IOM had requested to conduct a study on veterans‘ physical and emotional well-being. And in addition, other readjustment needs. Now, this report exhibits the IOM’s exhaustive evaluation of the physical, mental, social, and monetary impacts of the delegation on service members, their families, veterans, and their communities.

Key Conclusion of the Report

The DOD (Department of Defense) and the VA (Veterans Affairs) are trying to accomplish more to survey the feasibility and sufficiency of treatment, particularly if it is offered nationally. The tools that are used to evaluate cognitive function after a brain injury has “no reasonable scientific base” and the “Acknowledgment and Commitment” treatment utilized by the VA for depression “needs adequate experimental proof to back its utilization as a first line medication”, it said.

  • Independent research reveals that carrying lethal weapons stop suicides but the report figured out that regardless of the fact that a service member is at danger for suicide. However, the DOD denies limiting any possession of privately owned weapons. Half of the 300 military suicides that occurred in 2010 were deployed in the Iraq and Afghanistan clashes. According to a VA report, around 22 veterans commit suicide every day.

 

  • The report suggests that the DOD and VA should “extend its meaning of family” to incorporate unmarried partners, single parents, same-sex couples, and stepfamilies.

 

  • The report also said that the DOD and VA should work in tandem to integrate their respective databases to allow sharing information to keep track of issues of affected personnel exclusively. A big amount of relevant information can use to answer key questions about re-adjustment. These are collected by different federal departments and agencies to analyze and answer the questions of different problems at hand.

 

  • The DOD priority should be to reduce domestic violence and combat the troubling rise in domestic violence of service members.

 

  • This report was around 500-page and it found out that about 44% troops coming back from Iraq and Afghanistan reported problems. One out of five encounters PTSD, while a comparative number have a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). Some others have overlapping health issues, most usually PTSD, depression, substance use disorder, and side effects identified with mild TBI. It also noticed that the unemployment of veterans from 18 to 24 was more than 30%, which is contrasted with 16% for regular citizens.

So, this report clearly shows that there has been a lack of care or improper treatment of veterans. They should be handled with care and subtle treatment to overcome these problems. Otherwise, it would be a shame for the entire nation!

How has the Afghanistan War been ended?

After the 9/11 attack, the US and Afghanistan have joined forces together to react to the dangers to global peace and security. Also, they are working to offer the Afghan some assistance in securing a democratic prosperous future. After taking charge, President Obama along with NATO associates have sought after a focused strategy to fortify the Afghanistan’s security strengths and government to assume full responsibility for their nation’s future while they have taken critical actions against al-Qaida’s administration and kept Afghanistan from being utilized to dispatch assaults against the US.

Bringing Back the Soldiers to the US

In December 2009, the president declared the troop surge at West Point. The conditions that permitted them to push back the Taliban and develop Afghan forces. He also announced in 2009 that they had finished the surge and would start bringing back the soldiers from Afghanistan from a peak of 100,000 troops. He coordinated that troop decreases continue at a consistent interval. And it should be done in an arranged, facilitated, and responsible way. Subsequently, 10,000 troops got back home before that year’s over, and 33,000 got back home by the mid-year of 2012. In February 2013, The President reported in the State of the Union address that they would bring another 34,000 American troops from Afghanistan within a year – which they have done properly.

After that, the President has announced a plan in which another 22,000 troops will return home before the year has over, ultimately, ending the U.S. battle mission in December 2014. From the start of 2015, a partnership agreement between the US and Afghanistan will be started. Also, the Afghans will sign a Bilateral Security Agreement and a status of forces agreement with NATO. It will allow putting 9,800 U.S. service members in different parts of the country. Besides, before the end of 2015, the US will reduce their presence to half, which will result in a consolidation of troops in Kabul and on Bagram Airfield. In 2016, the US will open an embassy in Kabul with security assistance component similar to Iraq.

Afghanistan is Responsible for its Security

Afghanistan and International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) countries agreed upon a proposal to shift full responsibility for Afghanistan’s security to the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) by the end of 2014. This proposal took place at the 2010 NATO Summit in Lisbon. This agreement has permitted the international community to draw down their powers in Afghanistan. In the same time, it has kept the hard-won gains and set the stage to achieve the fundamental objectives such as supporting Afghan Security Forces, disrupting threats posed by al-Qaida, and providing the chance to Afghan people to succeed as they stand on their own.

During the 2012 NATO Summit in Chicago, the ISAF countries and Afghanistan had reaffirmed this system for a move and they also gave consent to the point of reference in mid-2013 would start to transit from combat to support. The Afghans came to that turning point as the ANSF expected the lead for security over the entire of Afghanistan and the coalition powers moved their concentration to the training, advising and helping of Afghan forces.

Political Evolution

Since Afghanistan had taken the control of their security, they made strives to initiate a shift of power in the country. The presidential election was held and millions of Afghans voted in the election. The US has confirmed its backing for a reasonable, trustworthy, and Afghan-drove election preparation and does not support any hopeful candidate who is keen for own interest.

Economic Evolution

Afghanistan has encountered a rapid financial development and wonderful enhancements in key social pointers –

  • Afghanistan’s total national output has grown a mean of 9.4% for every year from 2003 to 2012.

 

  • In the most recent decade, life expectancy at birth has improved by 20 years to more than 62 years.

 

  • In 2002, an expected 900,000 young boys enrolled into school and no girls. Presently, there are 8 million students selected in school, more than 33% of whom are young girls.

 

  • In 2002, just 6% of Afghans had reliable electricity. Today, 28% of the total population has electricity, including more than 2 million people in Kabul who have access to electricity 24-hour a day.

Be that as it may, difficulties remain, and Afghanistan will need international support to maintain its stability and to achieve objectives.

Summary: The War against Iraq

From 1979 to 2003, Saddam Hussein ruled an atrocious dictatorship of Iraq. In 1990, he attacked and possessed the country of Kuwait for six months until being removed by a global coalition. For a while, he had demonstrated differing degrees of scorn for the international terms consented to toward the end of the war, to be specific a “no-fly zone” over a significant part of the nation, especially, the international examinations of probable artillery destinations. In 2003, an American-drove coalition attacked Iraq and ousted the Saddam Hussein’s long-standing government.

  1. Creating the Coalition

US President Bush had provided various reasons for attacking Iraq. These rationales included infringement of U.N. Security Council resolutions, the assembling of weapons of mass annihilation (WMD), and monstrosities conferred by Hussein against his kin. All of these violations represented a strong risk to the U.S. what’s more, the world. The U.S. guaranteed to have proof that demonstrated the presence of the WMD. They asked the U.N. Security Council to approve an invasion but the council did not. Rather, the U.S. along with the United Kingdom enrolled 29 different nations in a “coalition of the willing” to support and complete the invasion started in March 2003.

  1. Post-Invasion Troubles

Despite the fact that the first part of the war went as anticipated (the Iraqi government collapsed in a few days), the occupation and the restructuring demonstrated a very troublesome and difficult task. The UN held elections that led to the birth of new constitution and government. Be that as it may, brutal efforts by rebels had driven the nation to civil war. It had destabilized the new government and made Iraq a hotbed for terrorist enrollment. And significantly, these violence efforts raised the expense of the war. No stockpiles of WMD were found in Iraq, which harmed the trustworthiness of the U.S. As a result, the reputations of the American leaders were damaged and undermined the method of reasoning for the war.

  1. Divisions inside Iraq

Within Iraq, the different groups and loyalties were difficult to understand. Religious flaw lines between Sunni and Shiite Muslims were investigated. In spite of the fact that religion is an influential force in the Iraq friction, secular influences, including Saddam Hussein’s Ba’ath Party, was considered to better comprehend Iraq.

  1. Expense of the Iraq War

In Iraq War, over 4,000 American troops have been executed and more than 30,000 injured. Almost 300 troops from other associated forces have been slaughtered. According to sources, over 50,000 Iraqi agitators have been murdered in the war and Iraqi regular citizens dead range is from 50,000 to 600,000. The United States has spent over $700 billion on the war and may eventually spend a trillion or more dollars.

 

  1. Foreign Policy Implications

Since 2002, the Iraq war and its aftermath have been at the focal point of U.S. foreign policy. The war and encompassing issues (like Iran) possess the consideration of about each leader at the White House, State Department, and Pentagon. Furthermore, the war has created an anti-American sentiment around the globe. Ultimately, it has made global policy making procedure more troublesome

  1. Future movements for the Iraq War

President Bush and his group appeared to be resolved to proceed with the control of Iraq. They had wanted to convey enough solidness to the country that Iraqi security powers can keep up control and permit the new government to pick up strength and legitimacy. However, other people believe this is an unthinkable task. What’s more, the perceived future is conceivable however can’t develop until after American soldiers are taken off from Iraq. Dealing with the American departure is discussed in a report from the bipartisan “Iraq Study Group” and in the plans of a few presidential campaigns.